Standard Operating Guidelines

Welcome to the FFCC Policy & SOG Page

Welcome to our series of resources for SOG and policy development.

Latest news related to fire department SOG’s and policies (click on title to go to story)

Model SOG templates

Modeled after the Fire Drill of the Week format, these feature a template for department’s to utilize in developing their own policies and SOG’s. With an emphasis on critical firefighter safety topics, we hope that these will be a valuable resource for our readers.

Each policy/SOG template includes:

  • Color coding using the red-yellow-green system
  • The Gordon Graham risk and frequency classification
  • Some include a link to a custom report related to firefighter safety developed by the National Firefighter Near Miss Reporting System
  • References and resources

Red-Yellow-Green color coding

One method of classifying department policies and SOG’s is the red-yellow-green color coding system. The color code can either be at the top of the document, the color of the paper (although red is a tough color to read from) or the color of the tabs in the policy manual. Examples of what would be in each category include:

  • Red – includes emergency operations, emergency vehicle operations, civilian evacuation, roadway safety, MAYDAY, SCBA, RIT and related topics. Essentially anything that during an emergency could get a firefighter or a civilian injured or killed.
  • Yellow – these are the tasks that we do a lot (high risk and high frequency) and the ones that are high risk and low frequency but give us time to think.  Personnel policies including drug testing, sexual harassment, and report writing would be in this category.
  • Green (or white)– these are the tasks that create a low opportunity for any of the above areas of concerns or exposure. Examples include the uniform or grooming policy, shift scheduling, or daily station duties. Round figures, 80% of your fire departments policies will be on white paper.

Risk and Frequency classification

Anyone familiar with FFCC’s co-founder Gordon Graham will also be familiar with his risk and frequency classification system. Basically it organizes any task or in this case policy/SOG topic into one of 4 classifications:

  • High Risk/High Frequency
  • High Risk/Low Frequency
  • Low Risk/Low Frequency
  • Low Risk/High Frequency

A good introduction to this system can be found at: GREFS_NPCCR 

National Firefighter Near Miss Reporting System

In conjunction with some of the policy/SOG templates related to firefighter safety, is a link to a custom near-miss report on that topic. This great additional resource is being developed by the great folks at the National Firefighter Near Miss Reporting System.

Near Miss Reports



Size: 64.35 KB
Hits: 3154
Date added: 29-11-2016

10-06 - Response to Violent Incidents

Size: 142.61 KB
Hits: 3566
Date added: 29-11-2016

09-11 - Personal Protective Clothing-Equipment

Size: 161.23 KB
Hits: 10321
Date added: 29-11-2016

09-09 - Rapid Intervention Team

Size: 576.98 KB
Hits: 4698
Date added: 29-11-2016

09-08 - Initial Rapid Intervention Crew

Size: 263.06 KB
Hits: 4602
Date added: 29-11-2016

09-05 - Lost-Trapped FF - Self Survival Actions

Size: 293.20 KB
Hits: 3273
Date added: 29-11-2016

References and Resources

Each template will also include appropriate references such as NFPA and OSHA standards and other resources for you to use in developing your own policies.

SOG resources from other fire departments

Several outstanding resources exist on the internet through fire departments and other organizations placing their policies and SOGs on line. The following departments have their policies and/or SOGs available for download from the internet:


NIOSH firefighter fatality reports

The NIOSH firefighter fatality reports provide an opportunity to learn from these tragic events and help prevent future similar events. On area too commonly identified in these reports is the lack of establishing good, solid SOG’s and then training on and enforcing them.

The following is a list of NIOSH fatality reports where SOG’s are identified either as one of the factors in the fatality or as a recommended improvement. Clicking on the title will take you directly to the document which can be downloaded.



Initial Company Actions - Confined Space Checklist

Size: 160.84 KB
Hits: 2675
Date added: 29-11-2016

12-03 - SOG Philosophy and Definitions

Size: 248.33 KB
Hits: 2242
Date added: 29-11-2016

12-02 - Development of policy and SOG

Size: 232.49 KB
Hits: 2348
Date added: 29-11-2016

12-01 - Policy-SOG Program

Size: 145.04 KB
Hits: 2636
Date added: 29-11-2016

10-11 - Confined Space - First Arriving Companies

Size: 279.41 KB
Hits: 2390
Date added: 29-11-2016

10-09 - Trench Collapse Checklist

Size: 207.02 KB
Hits: 2058
Date added: 29-11-2016

10-09 - Trench Collapse - First Arriving Companies

Size: 277.15 KB
Hits: 2012
Date added: 29-11-2016

10-03 - Incident Scene Rehabilitation

Size: 187.95 KB
Hits: 2408
Date added: 29-11-2016

09-10 - Personnel Accountability System

Size: 266.05 KB
Hits: 4955
Date added: 29-11-2016

09-07 - Self Contained Breathing Apparatus

Size: 283.59 KB
Hits: 4088
Date added: 29-11-2016

09-06 - Apparatus and Vehicle Operations

Size: 279.49 KB
Hits: 2694
Date added: 29-11-2016

09-04 - MAYDAY - Command Actions(2)

Size: 260.95 KB
Hits: 2609
Date added: 29-11-2016

09-03 - Emergency Evacuation(3)

Size: 254.55 KB
Hits: 4022
Date added: 29-11-2016

09-02 - Traffic Safety Vests-New

Size: 132.13 KB
Hits: 2608
Date added: 29-11-2016

08-12 - Backing of Apparatus-New

Size: 131.29 KB
Hits: 2710
Date added: 29-11-2016

08-11 Seatbelts-New

Size: 129.81 KB
Hits: 2210
Date added: 29-11-2016

USE OF INFORMATION FROM and The Secret List should be passed along to FIREFIGHTERS and those who support (or are supposed to support!) us! Credit shall be given to and if you are truly committed to firefighter safety, that should be no problem. If you aren’t, and you don’t give us credit and try to prostitute this stuff as your own, we’ll find you and expose you. We Promise. Odd’s are… our mailing list is bigger than yours!